A HISTORY OF KAUAKANIONU
Place names are not always widely known, and that is true for the Hanalei River Ridge. We have endeavored to consult maps, literature and local knowledge to find the place name for the Hanalei River Ridge. We believe it to be Kauakaniaunu, and propose to use this in the future. We welcome any additional information.
The ridge is an important fish-spotting site, or puʻu kilo.
The name “Kauakanionu,” along with topographical marks indicating a ridge, is scrawled on a hand-drawn map of Hanalei dated 1875. The name aligns with the northern bank of the last, half-mile stretch of Hanalei River before it empties into Hanalei Bay. A 1900 map references adjacent area slightly differently, “Kauakahiunu.”
The first, wooden Hanalei Pier is constructed near the mouth of the Hanalei River for local rice farmers to load their crops onto ships, to be exported to Honolulu and California. A concrete version replaces it in 1912.
Henry and Maude Birkmyre build an estate home on Kauakanionu ridge. Much later, the home is used as a film location in the 1952 movie Beachhead and in South Pacific in 1959.
The Hanalei Plantation Hotel opens with 50 cottages, 162 rooms, on Kauakanionu.
The state Land Use Commission rezones 995 acres of Princeville ranch land from agriculture to urban for Colorado owner and developer Eagle County Development Company, dba Princeville.
Princeville gets the necessary permits from the County of Kauai for Phase I of its development and starts developing infrastructure including roads, subdivisions, and golf courses. The Princeville Project District (PD) does not include Kauakanionu.
After a proposal to develop a condominium at the popular local gathering place at the Hanalei estuary provokes community outrage, Kauai County acquires the corner property at the mouth of the Hanalei River, across from Kauakanionu, and names it Black Pot Beach Park.
The Hanalei Plantation Hotel fails and is converted to the 153-room Club Mediterranean resort, which also fails to be economically viable. It closes in late 1970s.
The Club Med property is purchased by Honolulu developer Bruce Stark.
Kauai County grants developer Stark SMA, Use, Project Development Use, and Class IV Zoning permits for a 90-condominium development. Project is later revised to 60 condo units.
Stark demolishes the Hanalei Plantation/Club Med, does extensive excavation and grading, and foundation work for condo units. The project goes bankrupt before the units are built.
Despite the 40 foot height limit, the Kauai Planning Department allows the Princeville Sheraton to stack three 40 foot buildings on the slopes of Pu’u Poa, giving the visual impression of 120 foot building on the easternmost headland of Hanalei Bay. The community expressed bitter opposition to the visual impact. Conditions of the permit, agreed to by the developer, include extensive vegetation cover and earth tone colors to mitigate the visual impact.
Kauai County revokes Stark’s SMA on account of inaction for two years. The site is abandoned, leaving behind the concrete foundations. Brush and ironwood flourish, screening the view of the Princeville Sheraton Hotel from Hanalei.
Ohana Hanalei, L.L.C. pays $75M for four contiguous parcels totaling 122 acres from Jeff Stone, owner of Princeville Partners. Ohana Hanalei, L.L.C. is a subsidiary of Ohana Real Estate Investment (OREI), is the real estate arm of Ohana Holdings, which is owned by Honolulu billionaire Pierre Omidyar.
After $60 million in renovations, the Princeville Sheraton Hotel reemerges as the St. Regis Resort. No attempt is made to mitigate its visual impact on Hanalei Valley through earth tone colors or vegetation or night light mitigation. It becomes the area of highest incidental death take in all of Hanalei for the endangered wedge tail shearwater.
Ohana Hanalei LLC proposes to “revitalize” the ancient, now overgrown and silted-in Kamoʻomaikaʻi fishpond, referred to on most maps as Puʻu Pōʻā Marsh, to serve as the scenic water feature for its planned 86-unit luxury resort complex, which will be financed, in part, by the revenue from the sale of 34 house lots on Kauakanionu, now being referred to as “Phase One.”